An easy and reliable measurement of sheet properties that determine softness will help to choose the most effective path and set a measurable sheet quality target. Paper manufacturers can utilize a variety of process tools to improve overall surface softness, formation and appearance. The most significant factor is the fiber type and ratios, followed by machine type and creping process configurations. Each process change impacts the sheet structure in positive or negative ways. The key to improving and maintaining final sheet softness is to measure how each process factor change impacts the sheet structure and then how each change in sheet structure impacts the softness.
KemView™ sheet structure analyzer (SSA) description/features
Kemira KemView™ SSA is an easy to use, fast response, sheet structure analyzer that provides a diverse array of sheet measurements and can be effectively used as a laboratory and field support tool assisting in the diagnostics of paper sheets. KemView™ consists of a digital optical detector positioned at the top of the unit. LED bulbs illuminate the sheet sample from 8 directions: one light at a time for FFE planar count and 4 light positions for crepe bar structure measurements.
We help customers improve their process efficiency, productivity and end-product quality
Kemira’s KemView™ SSA diverse features are beneficial for a new grade development, external product benchmarking, comparison of the same product manufactured on different machines, and troubleshooting sheet quality issues. It provides quick feedback allowing for optimization of creping, softening and strength programs. A variety of sheet surface properties can be measured by utilizing KemView™ and emtec Tissue Softness Analyzer (TSA).
Combined results from these two measurements provide a comprehensive insight into the sheet structure and softness, and allow for comparative analysis of various tissue products.
KemView is a novel image-based measurement tool that provides in depth 3D analysis of the sheet with the ability to easily measure the following parameters: crepe bar count (#/ inch); crepe bar width, length and height; crepe bar uniformity and distribution; embossing pattern; sheet roughness and intensity (crepe visibility); pinholes; number of free fiber ends (FFE).
Typically, a sheet structure that has a high crepe bar count and low crepe bars intensity (visibility) provide softer tissue. The higher free fiber ends count, the softer or more velvety hand feel surface.
comparison of retail 2ply consumer facial tissue from four different manufacturers
Four consumer facial tissue products were tested for sheet strength, crepe structure, FFE’s & softness utilizing a tensile tester, KemView™ SSA, and emtec TSA.
Facial tissue #1 appears to be made on a TAD structured sheet machine, as indicated by sheet structure design, while the three other facial samples were made using a conventional dry crepe process. FFE count of facial tissue #1 may be low as a result of the structured sheet design.
Facial tissue #2 has a very high crepe bar count (101ct. in) and high sheet stretch.
Facial tissue #3 has poor surface smoothness, high crepe bars intensity and a very low crepe bar count. An increase in the crepe bar count and decrease in crepe bars intensity could increase TSA hand feel from 80.5 into the mid 80’s.
Facial tissue #4 had a very high FFE count and a relatively high crepe bar count, which contributes to tissue softness. However, both bulk softness and surface smoothness measured by TSA are not that great. In this case, selecting fiber of higher quality could improve softness.